Myocarditis is also known as inflammatory cardiomyopathy, which is an inflammation of the heart muscles. This disorder often occurs due to viral infections. Some of the other causes include bacterial infections, certain medications, toxins, and autoimmune disorders. Some of the symptoms of myocarditis are shortness of breath, chest pain, decreased ability to exercise, and irregular heartbeat. The duration of the disorder can vary from hours to months and to years which might end up causing heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy or cardiac arrest. Treatment depends on the severity and the causes. An ultrasound of the heart is important to rule out other possible causes, such as heart value problems.
Myocarditis Is Rare In Big Ten Athletes After The Covid-19 Infections
As we know that the coronavirus has been spreading like a wildfire not only in any one country but all over the world. Even though all the safety measures like mandatory use of masks and sanitizers are taken, and the restrictions have been imposed and production of vaccinations have been done, it has been very difficult to control the spread of infection through this virus. The United States of America is on the top of the list of countries which has the most number of cases in the world and because of the infection, there are so many after-effects of the infections. It was believed that the infection after-effects can cause myocarditis in the infected individuals.
As per the report, the researchers found that heart inflammation which is also termed myocarditis, is rare in Big Ten Conference athletes who have had covid-19 infections, and in most cases, it causes no obvious symptoms, according to the data registered from a lead registry. And also, according to the research from the Big Ten covid-19 registry, it involved more than 1600 athletes in which more than 37 of them, a little over 2% had evidence of heart inflammation on the imaging test, and of these nine athletes had any chest pain, palpitations or other symptoms as per the study.
The researchers did a follow-up on the research and the results showed that the inflammation had disappeared a month later in most of the athletes who were affected, but about 40% of the 37 had scarring. The researchers said that it was uncertain that whether these effects pose a substantial health risk. However, myocarditis, the medical term for the type of heart inflammation involved, is the leading cause of sudden death in athletes. Heart inflammation has been found on the covid-19 patients and concern that the virus could increase the risk for athletes led the league to create the registry. The big ten mandated heart screening to test for heart inflammation that included imaging tests for athletes with positive covid-19 tests, before allowing them to return to play. Through December 15, 9,255 have been tested for the covid-19, and 2,810 or 30% of them tested positive.
The study involved 2,462 athletes from the 13 Big Ten schools who had heart testing and also 1,597 whose testing included the image testing for heart, from March to December 2020. And the researchers mentioned that the cause for the heart inflammation is still unknown and it was not known that if it was caused due to the covid-19 or not. Most of the imaging tests were found to be of men and the age and the racial data were not included. It has been estimated that the yearly incident of sudden death in college athletes are about 1 in 50,000 every year. The researchers also stated that even a small number of these incidents and a healthy population have devasting consequences. They also mentioned that athletes who develop heart inflammations should be sidelined until the symptoms disappear and imaging scenes are normal.